중앙사론Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University

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中·韓·日 삼국 出土 九九簡과 기층 사회의 數學 學習
조회수 : 117 등록일 : 2021-01-25

Researches on the Bamboo and Wooden Documents Related to the Multiplication Table Unearthed in China, South Korea and Japan and the Study of Mathematics in Basic Society

 

Author : DAI weihong

 

Page : 287-326


Abstract   


From the background of the cultural communication of East Asia, the bamboo and wooden documents   related to the Multiplication Table which have been unearthed in China, South Korea and Japan, is a part of the cultural communication and exchange of Chinese characters. The similarities of the bamboo and wooden documents related to the Multiplication Table unearthed in the three countries are shown in the following four aspects.1)According to the sequence of the table, they were arranged from the ninth paragraph to the next paragraph. 2) The use of repetition symbolWhen the same factors multiplying, repetition symbol” is used in the Multiplication Table.3)203040 were written in The Chinese character “廿”“”“”.4)It was used not only by grassroots officials but also by hand craftsmen.5)In terms of its nature and use, the Multiplication Table is not only a textbook used in childrens’mathematics education, but also a textbook and practice material for grassroots grassroots officials and hand craftsmen to re-study. Whether the conjunction of multiplier and product is used when the product is a unit digit, it is not used in some cases. For example, it is directly written as "" instead of "而八", which is influenced by the writer on the one hand, anis also the actual state of the Multiplication Table in practical application. .Because of the times' difference and the development of the Table itself, the basic contents are different.And because of different writers with different purposes and roles, the contents and formats are slightly different. Since the Pre-Qin Period, the Multiplication Table was a basic knowledge for those who learned arithmetic at that time. It was not enough that they could only write, they had to use it correctly and skillfully.In the Tang Dynasty, there was a Doctor () of mathematics under the Imperial College, and the Ten kinds of the Arithmetical Classic()are textbooks for the mathematics education. The education of mathematics in Paekche, Silla and Japan was influenced by the Tang Dynasty. However, not all of them have the opportunity to study in official schools. In order to become an official and then get promoted in the assessment system, civilians and the officials at the grassroots level also have to practice their writing and math skills. As the basis of mathematical calculation, the Multiplication Table has become a common material for them to practice, which is one of the reasons why there are many bamboo and wooden documents related to the Multiplication Table unearthed in the three East Asian countries. The Multiplication Table, widely used and unearthed in East Asian grassroots societies, is a fresh and precious first-hand material for understanding the cultural transmission and communication of Chinese characters.

 

 

<Key Words>

East Asia; Bamboo and Wooden Documents; the Mul- tiplication Table; the Arithmetical Classic; Paekche; Silla; Japan

첨부파일 : 다이웨이홍.pdf

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