|17․18세기 任實 향안의 구성과 주도 성씨의 변화|
|조회수 : 298||등록일 : 2020-01-20|
The Changes of Leading Family name and Composition of Imsil Hyangan(鄕案) in the 17th and 18th Century
Author: Lee Jongseok (Anseong 3.1 Movement memorial hall)
Sajok in the latter part of Joseon tried to rebuild the Hyangan(鄕案) to repair the order of control of the Hyangchon that had collapsed during the war. Imsil Hyangan in the 17th and 18th century, remained by 18 books and 33 case. This study attempts to find out the order of the control of Imsil, which has not been studied previously, through the Hyangan.
Imsil Hyangan is divided into『Hyangan(鄕案)』and『Tongmoonan(通 文案)』 in the title. Tongmoonan show the characteristics of listing members separate from districts(Myeon). It can be seen as an example of the mid-17th century when the Myeonli-je was absorbed into the Hyangan. At the same time, Tongmoonan and Myeonli-je, which developed in the mid-17th century, also began to appear during this period.
The number of people listed in the 17th century’s Imsil Hyangan was 757. The most recorded family names are in Hyangan in the order of Song(礪山宋氏)·Park(咸陽朴氏)·Han(淸州韓氏), who accounted for about 35% of total number of member in the 17th century.
According to a survey of Cheonggeuman(靑衿案), considered as important as Hyangan in the Honam region, a total of family names, including the above three family names, Lee(全州李氏) and Kwak(玄風郭氏), accounted for about 60 percent of the members of Cheonggeuman. Considering that many Lee and Kwak were also listed in the Hyangan, there were about five family names that led the 17th century’s Imsil society.
In the 18th century’s Hyangan, Lee, Han and Kwak among the five influential family names remained in the family names until the early 18th century. However, since Hyangan in 1736, the largest number of members appeared throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, and at the same time, a number of new family names have never been seen before. The Hyangan, written in 1759, shows that the number of people has plunged by more than half than before, and that the Hyangan was written with the support of government in the preface.
This shows that the 18th century Hyangans are no longer the same as the 17th century Hyangans. Staring 18th century, Hyangans became weaker and harder to maintain its writing as Imsil. Through many places, writing of Hyangnas ended in the late 17th and 18th century and the government official had more power on that. This study showed that Hyangchon by Sajok in Imsil was collapsed in the 18th century as government’s system (Myeonli-je) applied by Tongmoonan rapidly through Imsil in the 17th century.
Imsil, Hyangchonsahoesa, Hyangan, Tongmoonan, Cheonggeuman, Leading Family
첨부파일 : 02. 이종석.pdf
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